body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness

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Body composition was measured using the pediatric option for BodPod and cardiorespiratory fitness by the 20 m shuttle run. Patients and Methods. We examined the health effects of body composition among 21925 men after taking cardiorespiratory fitness into account. / Rump, P.; Gerver, W.J.M. Although there is a strong direct relation between BMI and mortality (27), there has been little research on the relation between measured body fatness and mortality (16). Fat-free mass was positively related to W(total), P(max) and absolute oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1)). In 17 children, maximal oxygen consumption was measured. Gerver and G. Hornstra". OBJECTIVE: To investigate cross-sectional associations of PA and sedentary time (ST) with body composition and CRF in mid-childhood. Background: Some studies have been conducted to verify the effects of Pilates for individuals who are obese, but conclusive results are not yet available due to methodological concerns. p.rump@hb.unimaas.nlAbstract.Relations between frequently used indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness, sex and body composition were studied in a birth-cohort based sample of young prepubescent children (age range: 6.8 - 8.2 years). Epidemiological researches have found that not only obesity but also cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) plays a pivotal role in the prevalence of CVD. Participants were defined as MHO or MUO if their insulin-stimulated glucose disposal, measured by a 3-hour hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp, was in the upper quartile or in the lower three quartiles. Although cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is determined by a number of nonmodifiable factors, such as gender, age, and genetic factors, it has also been considered in recent years an objective indicator of physical activity and used to assess the relationship between physical activity and health status [30,31]. The observed differences in indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness between boys and girls were largely attributable to a difference in body composition. Current international guidelines recommend people living with obesity should be prescribed a minimum of 300 min of moderately intense activity per week for weight loss. Probiotic therapy had a positive effect on selected parameters of body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness of study participants and showed a tendency to reduce inflammation. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. 1 However, sole focus on weight loss is not the optimal, as it fails to consider cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), which can, at medium to high fitness levels, attenuate the adverse consequences of obesity on health, irrespective of body mass index (BMI). Total fat was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and visceral adiposity and liver fat were measured by magnetic resonance imaging and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy, respectively. Two longitudinal studies have shown that low CRF was a strong and independent predictor of metabolic health in adults , . Body composition was determined by skinfold measurements. Here we focus on how fat mass and lean tissues affect cardiorespiratory fitness, with emphasis on their effects on peak oxygen consumption. Outcome measures of body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness and background variables Height (cm) and weight (kg) were measured to the nearest 0.1 using standard procedures allowing for the calculation of body mass index—BMI (kg/m 2 )—for each child. Watanabe K(1), Nakadomo F, Maeda K. Author information: (1)Osaka Prefectural College of Nursing, Habikino, Japan. ; Hornstra, G. T1 - Body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness indicators in prepubescent boys and girls, N2 - Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht (NUTRIM), The Netherlands. We compared body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) between metabolically healthy overweight/obese (MHO) versus metabolically unhealthy overweight/obese (MUO) adolescents in 189 black and white adolescents (BMI ≥ 85th percentile, 12–18 years of age). Independent of race, the MHO phenotype is characterized by high CRF, lower waist circumference and visceral fat, and lower rates of dysglycemia in youth. However, findings from studies in children are inconsistent. © 2018 Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. Comparing the health-related fitness exam scores by the FITNESSGRAM classification system, students who were classified as Very Lean and High Risk for body composition had lower exam scores than those classified in the healthy fitness zone. title = "Body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness indicators in prepubescent boys and girls". CRF was measured by a graded maximal treadmill test. Formalized objective measures of cardiorespiratory fitness (VO 2peak) are widely used in many areas of clinical practice and powerful predictors of mortality. Refugee Somali women were invited to participate in sessions to assess physical fitness and body measurements. Background: Cardiorespiratory fitness and body fatness are both related to health, but their interrelation to all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality is unknown. Experimental design: 70 subjects met the study inclusion criteria. Percent body fat was negatively associated with ET and relative oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1) x kg(-1)) and was positively related to submaximal heart rate at 6 minutes exercise (HR6). Physical activity and cardiovascular fitness are important indicators of cardiovascular risk and health status.This study aimed to examine the relationship between body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness in students at postgraduate level.This cross-sectional study. We compared body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) between metabolically healthy overweight/obese (MHO) versus metabolically unhealthy overweight/obese (MUO) adolescents in 189 black and white adolescents (BMI ≥ 85th percentile, 12–18 years of age). By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. The answer is false. Percent body fat was negatively associated with ET and relative oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1) x kg(-1)) and was positively related to submaximal heart rate at 6 minutes exercise (HR6). Powered by Pure, Scopus & Elsevier Fingerprint Engine™ © 2021 Elsevier B.V. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content. Body Composition, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, and Low-Grade Inflammation in Middle-Aged Men and Women Author links open overlay panel Benoit J. Arsenault MSc a b Amélie Cartier MSc a b Mélanie Côté MSc a b Isabelle Lemieux PhD a Angelo Tremblay PhD a c Claude Bouchard PhD d Louis Pérusse PhD c Jean-Pierre Després PhD a c A new study led by researchers at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology examined how cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition relate to neuronal health in 290 healthy young adults. The concentration of N-acetyl aspartic acid (NAA) is of interest because it is a marker of neuronal integrity. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review. T. Body Composition and Cardiorespiratory Fitness Between Metabolically Healthy Versus Metabolically Unhealthy Obese Black and White Adolescents. Relative oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1) x kg(-1)) was related to ET. Diet, exercise and behaviour modification remain the cornerstones of obesity management. abstract = "Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht (NUTRIM), The Netherlands. Absolute oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1)) was related to W(total) and P(max). In 17 children, maximal oxygen consumption was measured. Methods: Sixteen boys (age: 7-10 y, body mass index>thanat 95th percentileaccording to Center for Disease Control and Prevention; 35.5±7.4 percent fat) participated to futsal training program. Conflicts of interest: All authors have no conflicts of interest to declare. Black MHO adolescents had lower (p < .05) 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test glucose, triglycerides, very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and higher high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, with a lower prevalence of impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance compared with black MUO adolescents. Body composition was determined by skinfold measurements. However, despite its lower training volume, low-volume HIIT induces greater improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness than a non-exercising control and MICT in normal weight, overweight and obese adults. The observed differences in indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness between boys and girls were largely attributable to a difference in body composition. p.rump@hb.unimaas.nlAbstract.Relations between frequently used indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness, sex and body composition were studied in a birth-cohort based sample of young prepubescent children (age range: 6.8 - 8.2 years). is not the optimal, as it fails to consider cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), which can, at medium to high fitness levels, attenuate the adverse consequences of obesity on health, irrespective of body mass index (BMI).5–7 Growing evidence suggests that improved CRF largely neutralizes the adverse effects of increased adiposity as well as other Just because someone is lean does not mean that they will perform better in a triathlon, because without training their cardiorespiratory fitness, they may not even last the distance. Relative oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1) x kg(-1)) was related to ET. The purpose of this study was to compare the body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness levels of a sample of refugee Somali women living in New Zealand with normative data. The observed differences in indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness between boys and girls were largely attributable to a difference in body composition. After accounting for gender, Tanner stage, and BMI, there were no differences in total fat (kg, %) between MHO versus MUO in both races. Measures of skeletal muscle function including muscle strength, cross-sectional area (CSA), and whole-body composition (lean vs. body mass) are central determinants of reduced exercise tolerance in chronic heart failure (CHF) and … However, being fi… MHO adolescents had significantly lower trunk fat, waist circumference, and visceral fat compared with MUO adolescents in both races. 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